Endothelial Function in Overweight Adult

Nutrients 2020 , 12 , 141

11 of 13

14. O ʹ Keefe, J.H.; Bell, D.S.H. Postprandial hyperglycemia/hyperlipidemia (postprandial dysmetabolism) is a cardiovascular risk factor. Am. J. Cardiol. 2007 , 100 , 899–904, doi:10.1016/j.amjcard.2007.03.107. 15. Jovanovski, E.; Zurbau, A.; Vuksan, V. Carbohydrates and endothelial function: Is a low ‐ carbohydrate diet or a low ‐ glycemic index diet favourable for vascular health? Clin. Nutr. Res. 2015 , 4 , 69–75, doi:10.7762/cnr.2015.4.2.69. 16. Mah, E.; Noh, S.K.; Ballard, K.D.; Matos, M.E.; Volek, J.S.; Bruno, R.S. Postprandial hyperglycemia impairs vascular endothelial function in healthy men by inducing lipid peroxidation and increasing asymmetric dimethylarginine: Arginine. J. Nutr. 2011 , 141 , 1961–1968, doi:10.3945/jn.111.144592. 17. Watanabe, K.; Oba, K.; Suzuki, T.; Ouchi, M.; Suzuki, K.; Futami ‐ Suda, S.; Sekimizu, K.; Yamamoto, N.; Nakano, H. Oral glucose loading attenuates endothelial function in normal individual. Eur. J. Clin. Investig. 2011 , 41 , 465–473, doi:10.1111/j.1365 ‐ 2362.2010.02424.x. 18. Ceriello, A.; Assaloni, R.; Da Ros, R.; Maier, A.; Piconi, L.; Quagliaro, L.; Esposito, K.; Giugliano, D. Effect of atorvastatin and irbesartan, alone and in combination, on postprandial endothelial dysfunction, oxidative stress, and inflammation in type 2 diabetic patients. Circulation 2005 , 111 , 2518–2524, doi:10.1161/01.CIR.0000165070.46111.9F. 19. Title, L.M.; Cummings, P.M.; Giddens, K.; Nassar, B.A. Oral glucose loading acutely attenuates endothelium ‐ dependent vasodilation in healthy adults without diabetes: An effect prevented by vitamins C and E. J. Am. Coll. Cardiol. 2000 , 36 , 2185–2191. 20. Shimabukuro, M.; Higa, M.; Kinjo, R.; Yamakawa, K.; Tanaka, H.; Kozuka, C.; Yabiku, K.; Taira, S. ‐ I.; Sata, M.; Masuzaki, H. Effects of the brown rice diet on visceral obesity and endothelial function: The BRAVO study. Br. J. Nutr. 2014 , 111 , 310–320, doi:10.1017/S0007114513002432. 21. Lavi, T.; Karasik, A.; Koren ‐ Morag, N.; Kanety, H.; Feinberg, M.S.; Shechter, M. The acute effect of various glycemic index dietary carbohydrates on endothelial function in nondiabetic overweight and obese subjects. J. Am. Coll. Cardiol. 2009 , 53 , 2283–2287, doi:10.1016/j.jacc.2009.03.025. 22. Philippou, E.; Bovill ‐ Taylor, C.; Rajkumar, C.; Vampa, M.L.; Ntatsaki, E.; Brynes, A.E.; Hickson, M.; Frost, G.S. Preliminary report: The effect of a 6 ‐ month dietary glycemic index manipulation in addition to healthy eating advice and weight loss on arterial compliance and 24 ‐ hour ambulatory blood pressure in men: A pilot study. Metab. Clin. Exp. 2009 , 58 , 1703–1708, doi:10.1016/j.metabol.2009.05.026. 23. Pereira, M.A.; Swain, J.; Goldfine, A.B.; Rifai, N.; Ludwig, D.S. Effects of a low ‐ glycemic load diet on resting energy expenditure and heart disease risk factors during weight loss. JAMA 2004 , 292 , 2482–2490, doi:10.1001/jama.292.20.2482. 24. Kim, D.H.; Braam, B. Assessment of arterial stiffness using applanation tonometry. Can. J. Physiol. Pharmacol. 2013 , 91 , 999–1008, doi:10.1139/cjpp ‐ 2013 ‐ 0010. 25. Liu, S.; Willett, W.C.; Stampfer, M.J.; Hu, F.B.; Franz, M.; Sampson, L.; Hennekens, C.H.; Manson, J.E. A prospective study of dietary glycemic load, carbohydrate intake, and risk of coronary heart disease in US women. Am. J. Clin. Nutr. 2000 , 71 , 1455–1461. 26. Mirrahimi, A.; de Souza, R.J.; Chiavaroli, L.; Sievenpiper, J.L.; Beyene, J.; Hanley, A.J.; Augustin, L.S.A.; Kendall, C.W.C.; Jenkins, D.J.A. Associations of glycemic index and load with coronary heart disease events: A systematic review and meta ‐ analysis of prospective cohorts. J. Am. Heart Assoc. 2012 , 1. e000752, doi:10.1161/JAHA.112.000752. 27. Coutinho, M.; Gerstein, H.C.; Wang, Y.; Yusuf, S. The relationship between glucose and incident cardiovascular events. A metaregression analysis of published data from 20 studies of 95,783 individuals followed for 12.4 years. Diabetes Care 1999 , 22 , 233–240. 28. Jia, G.; Aroor, A.R.; DeMarco, V.G.; Martinez ‐ Lemus, L.A.; Meininger, G.A.; Sowers, J.R. Vascular stiffness in insulin resistance and obesity. Front. Physiol. 2015 , 6 , 231, doi:10.3389/fphys.2015.00231. 29. Ceriello, A.; Bortolotti, N.; Crescentini, A.; Motz, E.; Lizzio, S.; Russo, A.; Ezsol, Z.; Tonutti, L.; Taboga, C. Antioxidant defences are reduced during the oral glucose tolerance test in normal and non ‐ insulin ‐ dependent diabetic subjects. Eur. J. Clin. Investig. 1998 , 28 , 329–333. 30. Keller, J.; Kahlhöfer, J.; Peter, A.; Bosy ‐ Westphal, A. Effects of Low versus High Glycemic Index Sugar ‐ Sweetened Beverages on Postprandial Vasodilatation and Inactivity ‐ Induced Impairment of Glucose Metabolism in Healthy Men. Nutrients 2016 , 8 , 802, doi:10.3390/nu8120802. 31. Lina, B.; Jonker, D.; Kozianowski, G. Isomaltulose (Palatinose ® ): A review of biological and toxicological studies. Food Chem. Toxicol. 2002 , 40 , 1375–1381, doi:10.1016/S0278 ‐ 6915(02)00105 ‐ 9.

Powered by